• Europe and Japan's BepiColombo launched in 2018 and arrives at Mercury in 2025.
• Japan's Akatsuki studies the planet's dynamic atmosphere.
• NASA's DAVINCI, launching between 2028 and 2030, will explore Venus' atmosphere and mysterious geological features.
• NASA's VERITAS, also launching between 2028 and 2030, will map out Venus' topography.
• ESA's EnVision will launch no earlier than 2031 to investigate the atmosphere and overall structure.
See Earth from Space
• The International Space Station prepares astronauts for deep space missions.
• The Planetary Society's LightSail 2 launched in 2019 and demonstrates controlled solar sailing in Earth orbit.
• NASA repurposed NEOWISE in 2013 to hunt for dangerous asteroids, but the aging spacecraft needs a successor.
• China's Tianhe module launched in 2021 to form the core of a new space station in Earth orbit.
• NASA's ACS3 is a solar sail spacecraft launching to Earth orbit as early as mid-2022.
• The European Space Agency's Hera spacecraft launches in 2024 to study the asteroid DART impacts.
• NASA's Solar Cruiser launches in 2025 and will use a large solar sail to create an artificial orbit between the Earth and Sun.
• NASA's NEO Surveyor launches in the mid-2020s to find 90% of asteroids large enough to destroy a city.
• China's Chang'e-5 returned lunar samples to Earth in 2020, and is on an extended mission to study the Sun and possibly asteroids.
• India's Chandrayaan-2 orbiter maps the Moon's topography, studies its composition, and scans for water ice.
• China's Chang'e-4 performed the first landing on the Moon's far side in 2018, where it studies an ancient region.
• NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter studies the Moon with a high-powered camera.
• NASA's Artemis program will return humans to the Moon. The first test flight, Artemis 1, is scheduled for 2022.
• The Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter is a technology demonstration mission planned for 2022.
• NASA’s VIPER rover launches to the Moon's south pole in 2024 to study water ice.
• NASA's Perseverance rover landed in February of 2021 and will search for past life and collect samples for return to Earth.
• China's Tianwen-1 is an orbiter and rover mission that arrived in February 2021 to study the planet.
• The United Arab Emirates' Hope orbiter arrived in February 2021 and will build a complete picture of the Martian atmosphere.
• NASA's MAVEN orbiter studies what happened to Mars' atmosphere.
• NASA's InSight lander studies the planet's interior.
• ESA's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter searches for atmospheric gases linked to life as we know it.
• India's Mangalyaan orbiter is a technology demonstration mission studying the planet.
• ESA's Mars Express surveys the planet and searches for subsurface water.
• NASA's Curiosity rover explores an ancient lake bed that once had conditions that could have supported life.
• NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter studies the planet with a high-powered camera and relays communications between the surface and Earth.
• NASA's long-lived Odyssey monitors surface changes.
• Japan's Martian Moons eXploration mission launches in 2024 to collect samples of Phobos for return to Earth.
• Mars Sample Return is a series of missions by NASA and ESA to return samples from Mars to Earth in the early 2030s.
• NASA's New Horizons is exploring a region of our solar system called the Kuiper Belt.
• Japan's Hayabusa2 returned a sample of asteroid Ryugu to Earth in 2020 and is on a journey to two more asteroids.
• NASA's OSIRIS-REx collected a sample of asteroid Bennu for return to Earth in 2023.
• NASA's Lucy mission launched in 2021 to explore asteroids that share Jupiter's orbit.
• NASA's DART spacecraft launched in 2021 and will crash into a small asteroid in October 2022, validating technology useful for deflecting any potentially hazardous asteroids that could threaten Earth.
• NASA's NEA Scout launches in 2023 to demonstrate a low-cost method of asteroid reconnaissance.
• NASA's Psyche launches in August 2022 to visit a same-named metal asteroid that may be the core of an exposed planet.
• NASA's Juno studies the planet's core to help us understand how planets and our solar system formed.
• ESA's JUICE launches in 2022 to explore Jupiter and its icy moons Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede.
• NASA's Europa Clipper launches in 2024 to determine whether Jupiter's moon Europa could support life.
• NASA's Dragonfly launches in 2027 to explore Saturn's moon Titan.
• NASA's Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have visited Uranus. It flew past the planet in 1986, and is now exploring interstellar space.
• NASA's Voyager 2 is the only spacecraft to have visited Neptune. It flew past the planet in 1989, and is now exploring interstellar space.
Solar System and BeyondExoplanets Guide
- NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is a multipurpose astrophysics and planetary science observatory.
- ESA's CHEOPS precisely measures the diameters of known exoplanets.
- NASA's TESS hunts for exoplanets around a specific type of bright stars.
- NASA's JWST launched in 2021 to build on the Hubble Space Telescope's capabilities.
• NASA's Roman Space Telescope will launch in 2027 and image Earth-sized exoplanets.