🔄 Europe and Japan's BepiColombo launched in 2018 and arrives at Mercury in 2025.
🔄 Japan's Akatsuki studies the planet's dymanic atmosphere.
📅 India's Shukrayaan-1 launches in 2023 to map the surface with radar and infrared detectors.
See Earth from Space
🔄 The International Space Station prepares astronauts for deep space missions.
🔄 The Planetary Society's LightSail 2 launched in 2019 and demonstrates controlled solar sailing in Earth orbit.
🔄 NASA repurposed NEOWISE in 2013 to hunt for dangerous asteroids, but the aging spacecraft needs a successor.
📅 NASA's DART launches in 2021 to crash into an asteroid, helping us understand how to stop one on course to hit Earth.
📅 The European Space Agency's Hera spacecraft launches in 2024 to study the asteroid DART impacts.
📅 NASA's Solar Cruiser launches in 2025 and will use a large solar sail to create an artificial orbit between the Earth and Sun.
📅 NASA's NEO Surveyor launches in the mid-2020s to find 90% of asteroids large enough to destroy a city.
🔄 China's Chang'e-5 returned lunar samples to Earth in 2020, and is on an extended mission to study the Sun and possibly asteroids.
🔄 India's Chandrayaan-2 orbiter maps the Moon's topography, studies its composition, and scans for water ice.
🔄 China's Chang'e-4 performed the first landing on the Moon's far side in 2018, where it studies an ancient region.
🔄 NASA's Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter studies the Moon with a high-powered camera.
📅 NASA's Artemis program will return humans to the Moon. The first test flight, Artemis 1, is scheduled for 2021.
📅 The Korean Pathfinder Lunar Orbiter is a technology demonstration mission planned for 2022.
📅 NASA’s VIPER rover launches to the Moon's south pole in 2023 to study water ice.
📅 Israeli non-profit SpaceIL launches Beresheet2 to the Moon in 2024 to conduct scientific experiments and public outreach.
🔄 NASA's Perseverance rover lands in February to search for past life and collect samples for return to Earth.
🔄 China's Tianwen-1 is an orbiter and rover mission arriving in February to study the planet.
🔄 The United Arab Emirates' Hope orbiter arrives in February to build a complete picture of the Martian atmosphere.
🔄 NASA's MAVEN orbiter studies what happened to Mars' atmosphere.
🔄 NASA's InSight lander studies the planet's interior.
🔄 ESA's ExoMars Trace Gas Orbiter searches for atmospheric gases linked to life as we know it.
🔄 India's Mangalyaan orbiter is a technology demonstration mission studying the planet.
🔄 ESA's Mars Express surveys the planet and searches for subsurface water.
🔄 NASA's Curiosity rover explores an ancient lake bed that once had conditions that could have supported life.
🔄 NASA's Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter studies the planet with a high-powered camera and relays communications between the surface and Earth.
🔄 NASA's long-lived Odyssey monitors surface changes.
📅 Russia's Kazachok lander and ESA's Rosalind Franklin rover launch together in 2024 to search for signs of life.
📅 Japan's Martian Moons eXploration mission launches in 2024 to collect samples of Phobos for return to Earth.
📅 Mars Sample Return is a series of missions by NASA and ESA to return samples from Mars to Earth in the early 2030s.
🔄 NASA's New Horizons flew past distant Pluto and Arrokoth and is exploring a region of our solar system called the Kuiper Belt.
🔄 Japan's Hayabusa2 returned a sample of asteroid Ryugu to Earth in 2020 and is on a journey to two more asteroids.
🔄 NASA's OSIRIS-REx collected a sample of asteroid Bennu for return to Earth in 2023.
📅 NASA's Lucy launches in 2021 to explore asteroids that share Jupiter's orbit.
📅 NASA's NEA Scout launches in 2021 to demonstrate a low-cost method of asteroid reconnaissance.
📅 NASA's Psyche launches in 2023 to visit a same-named metal asteroid that may be the core of an exposed planet.
📅 ESA's Comet Interceptor launches in 2028 to intercept a newly discovered, scientifically interesting comet.
🔄 NASA's Juno studies the planet's core to help us understand how planets and our solar system formed.
📅 ESA's JUICE launches in 2022 to explore Jupiter and its icy moons Europa, Callisto, and Ganymede.
📅 NASA's Europa Clipper launches in the mid-2020s to determine whether Jupiter's moon Europa could support life.
📅 NASA's Dragonfly launches in 2027 to explore Saturn's moon Titan.
Solar System and BeyondExoplanets Guide
🔄 NASA's Hubble Space Telescope is a multipurpose astrophysics and planetary science observatory.
🔄 ESA's CHEOPS precisely measures the diameters of known exoplanets.
🔄 NASA's TESS hunts for exoplanets around a specific type of bright stars.
📅 NASA's James Webb Space Telescope launches in 2021 to build on the Hubble Space Telescope's capabilities.
📅 NASA's Roman Space Telescope will launch in the mid-2020s and image Earth-sized exoplanets.