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The Planetary SocietyApril 10, 2020

A Fractured Comet and a Deep Dive into Planetary Science Funding

The Downlink: Weekly resources to fuel your love of space

Space Snapshot

Saturn through Titan's atmosphere

NASA / JPL-Caltech / SSI / Cassini Imaging Team / Jason Major

Saturn through Titan's atmosphere
NASA's Cassini spacecraft views Saturn through the atmosphere of the planet's largest moon, Titan. The image was captured on 31 March 2005 while Cassini was 7,500 kilometers above Titan, and 1.2 million kilometers from Saturn.

We’re sharing lots of awe-inspiring images like this on Twitter and Instagram throughout this time of isolation. Check out the hashtag #InSpaceTogether for more. 

You love space, now take action

This weekly newsletter is your toolkit to learn more about space, share information with your friends and family, and take direct action to support exploration. Anyone can subscribe at planetary.org/connect to receive it as a weekly email.

Facts Worth Sharing

Mercury Mercury is the fastest-orbiting planet in our solar system—it blazes around the Sun at 48 kilometers per second.

Mission Briefings

Comet 2I/Borisov loses a piece

NASA / ESA / D. Jewitt (UCLA) et. al

Comet 2I/Borisov loses a piece
These images from the Hubble Space Telescope show a fragment of interstellar comet 2I/Borisov moving away from the comet's nucleus. The fragment is visible in the bottom-right of the 28 March image and in the upper-right of the 30 March image.

Comet Comet 2I/Borisov, an interstellar comet that was detected passing through our solar system in 2019, has apparently split into 2 pieces (pictured). Researchers made the discovery using the Hubble Space Telescope. By studying interstellar comets and asteroids, scientists learn whether other solar systems are made of the same materials as ours. Image credit: NASA / ESA / D. Jewitt (UCLA) et. al

Earth NASA finished accepting new applications for its astronaut program. More than 12,000 people applied from every U.S. state, the District of Columbia, and four U.S. territories. NASA’s astronaut selection board will now assess applicants’ qualifications and invite the most qualified candidates to Johnson Space Center in Houston for interviews and medical tests. The selected astronaut candidates are expected to be introduced in mid-2021. Wondering what it takes to be an astronaut? Here are the requirements.

Mercury The European-Japanese BepiColombo spacecraft flew by Earth yesterday, using our planet’s gravity to swing towards the inner solar system. To reach Mercury, the spacecraft has to perform 1 flyby of Earth, 2 flybys of Venus, and 6 flybys of Mercury before settling into Mercury orbit in 2025. Learn why we explore Mercury, and what BepiColombo hopes to discover there

Earth Three new crewmembers are safely aboard the International Space Station, bringing the total number of people in space back up to 6. Chris Cassidy, Anatoly Ivanishin, and Ivan Vagner launched aboard a Soyuz rocket from Kazakhstan Thursday and docked at the station 6 hours later. Next week, Jessica Meir, Oleg Skripochka, and Andrew Morgan are scheduled to return to Earth in a different Soyuz capsule. 

Earth Boeing will re-fly the uncrewed demonstration mission of its new Starliner spacecraft to the International Space Station, after the first flight test was cut short by software glitches. SpaceX, meanwhile, is still preparing to launch 2 astronauts to the ISS aboard its Crew Dragon spacecraft in May—the first human spaceflight from Florida since the end of the Space Shuttle program in 2011.

From The Planetary Society

A Damaged Service Module

NASA

A Damaged Service Module
Apollo 13’s damaged service module, as photographed from the lunar module after jettisoning hours before re-entry. The now-distant moon occupies the lower-right side of the picture.

tpslogo 11 April marks the 50th anniversary of the launch of Apollo 13, a mission most famous for its “successful failure.” Most of us know at least a little bit about this story, in part thanks to the movie adaptation starring Tom Hanks. But there’s much to be learned about this remarkable moment in space history. As part of our Apollo program storytelling series, discover the whole story of Apollo 13 and the sheer ingenuity that turned a disaster into a momentous victory. Pictured: Apollo 13’s damaged service module, as photographed from the lunar module after jettisoning hours before re-entry. The moon occupies the lower-right side of the picture.

tpslogo Looking for a deep dive into NASA’s history? Check out our new planetary exploration budget dataset that shows you when and where NASA spent its money exploring the solar system. We’ve pulled out some interesting analyses of the shifting scientific and political priorities of planetary science over time, plus you have direct access to the data so that you can explore it yourself. 

tpslogo Join us on 23 April for a very special interactive edition of Planetary Radio Live! Host Mat Kaplan will be joined by our Chief Scientist Bruce Betts to share cool space facts, answer your questions about space, and quiz you on space trivia. Tune in via our website on Thursday 23 April at 1pm PT/ 4pm ET/ 8pm UTC. More details to come in next week’s Downlink email. 

What’s Up

Neptune This is a great week for planet-gazing. Depending on where you live, seven planets may be visible. Venus is still bright in the evening sky. Before dawn, you can spot Jupiter, Saturn, and Mars. In the Southern Hemisphere, Mercury can be seen just before sunrise. And if you have binoculars or a telescope, you might be able to spot Neptune very close to the Sun around sunrise and sunset. 

A Global Space Party

Yuri's Night 2020 artwork

Yuri's Night

Yuri's Night 2020 artwork
Artwork for Yuri's Night 2020.

Named after Yuri Gagarin, the first human to fly in space, Yuri’s Night is the world’s biggest celebration of all things space. This year, Yuri’s Night is organizing a special global webcast event on Saturday 11 April. You can celebrate space along with special guests including Planetary Society CEO Bill Nye, chat with other participants, and even enter an online costume contest! Check out the website to learn more. 

Thank You, Members!

GJ 1214b (artist's concept)

ESO / L. Calcada

GJ 1214b (artist's concept)
GJ 1214b is a "super-Earth" orbiting a small star located 40 light-years from our solar system. Observations suggest that its density is lower than that of Earth, so that it probably has a Ganymede-like composition (a metal and rock core overlain by a thick mantle of water in liquid or ice form). Unlike Ganymede, GJ 1214b is probably covered with a thick atmosphere of hydrogen and helium.

Despite the unprecedented situation that our planet faces right now, members like you continue to fuel the future of space exploration. The Planetary Society’s members and supporters came together over the past few weeks to raise over $42,000 to support the Society’s work with Yale University’s Debra Fischer and her 100 Earths Project. Debra and her research partner, Joe Llama at the Lowell Observatory, now have the resources they need to ensure the continued study of exoplanets for at least an additional 2 years. Thank you! 

Wow of the Week

Duality, by Slava Shakhov

Slava Shakhov

Duality, by Slava Shakhov
This piece of artwork titled “Duality” was shared with us by Ukrainian artist Slava Shakhov. Shakhov has created many space-inspired pieces.

This piece of artwork titled “Duality” was shared with us by Ukrainian artist Slava Shakhov. Shakhov has created many space-inspired pieces. If you create artwork inspired by space, we invite you to share it with us. 

Do you have a suggestion for the Wow of the Week? We’re looking for space-related art, music, gadgets, quotes, fashion, burning questions, sci-fi passages, or anything else that will make our readers go “Wow!” Send us your idea by replying to this email. 

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