Bruce Murray Space Image Library
Terraced crater on Mars
The original image has been processed to emphasize the fine structure of polygons and blocks in crater ejecta. The color image was overlaid on a contrast-stretched grayscale image. The center, smallest crater was processed separately so that its details would not be rendered too dark to be visible.
Caption by Shane Byrne from the HiRISE website: Small impact craters usually have simple bowl shapes, but sometimes more complicated shapes can occur if the target is unusual. The crater in the center of this HiRISE image is unusual because there is a wide, flat bench, or terrace, between the outer rim and the inner section, making it appear somewhat like a bullseye. Crater shapes like this can occur if material underground changes from weak to strong. In these cases, the level of the terrace shows where this change occurs. In the area covered by this observation, we have other reasons to suspect that the upper material is mostly ice. Terraced craters like this one show us how thick this ice is, as the terrace formation shows us where the ice meets the underlying rock.