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NASA's FY 2020 Budget

The White House released its Presidential Budget Request (PBR) for NASA's fiscal year 2020 on March 11th, 2019, followed by a supplemental budget request on May 13th. Together they propose a top-line NASA budget of $22.6 billion—a 5% increase compared to the previous year. The supplemental request was released in response to a Presidential directive to land astronauts on the Moon by 2024.

 2019 Enacted2020 PBR*% Change
NASA $21,500 $22,619 +5%
Science $6,906 $6,393 -8.7%
Planetary Science $2,758 $2,712 -1.7%
Earth Science $1,931  $1,780 -7.8%
Astrophysics $1,496 $1,197 -20%
WFIRST $312  $0 -100%
JWST $306 $352.6 +15%
Heliophysics $720 $704  -2.2%
Exploration $5,050 $6,396 +27%
Orion Crew Vehicle $1,350 - -
SLS $2,150 - -
Lunar Gateway $450M  $490 +9%
Space Technology $927 $1,146 +24%
Space Operations $4,639 $4,285 -7.6%
Aeronautics $725 $666 -8.1%
STEM Engagement $110 $0 -100%
Safety, Security, & Mission Services $2,755 $3,084 +12%
Construction and Environmental Compliance $348 $600 +72%

All values are in millions of dollars. *Includes the supplemental FY 2020 budget request released in May 2019.

NASA's budget during the Trump Administration. The vertical axis displays both NASA's total congressional appropriation in billions of dollars and the amount requested by the President. The horizontal axis is fiscal years. NASA's full budget history dataset is available to view or to download as an Excel spreadsheet.

To learn more about NASA's budget, visit our "What is NASA's Budget?" page.

Notable proposals

Note: all quotes are from NASA's FY 2020 request and the supplemental request released in May of 2019.

Proposed Cuts in FY 2020

President's Budget Request Source Documents

Congressional Action

On May 22nd, 2019 the House Appropriations Committee approved its Commerce, Justice, and Science (CJS) appropriations legislation for FY 2020, which includes NASA. The bill ignored the White House supplemental budget request and instead increased funding for Earth Science, Astrophysics, and STEM Outreach/Education programs. It also provided funding to continue the WFIRST space telescope and all Earth Science missions proposed for cancellation.

On September 26th, 2019, the Senate Commerce Appropriations Committee approved its legislation for NASA's FY 2020 appropriation. The proposed bill provides partial funding human lunar landing systems, augments the SLS budget to support development of the Exploration Upper Stage, and rejects all proposed program cancellations, same as the House bill. The Senate voted 84 - 9 in on a "minibus" (combined appropriations package) which included the CJS bill on October 31st, 2019.

The House and Senate must yet reconcile the differences between their bills, vote once more time, and have that legislation signed by the President before NASA receives its funding for fiscal year 2020.

 2019 Enacted2020 PBR*House CJSSenate CJS
NASA $21,500 $22,619 $22,315 $22,750
Science $6,906 $6,393 $7,161 $6,906
Planetary Science $2,758 $2,712 $2,713 $2,631
Earth Science $1,931  $1,780 $2,023 $1,945
Astrophysics $1,496 $1,197 $1,368 $1,172
WFIRST $312  $0 $511 $445.7
JWST $306 $352.6 $352.6 $423
Heliophysics $720 $704 $704 $735
Exploration $5,050 $6,396 $5,130 $6,223
Orion Crew Vehicle $1,350 - $1,425 $1,407
SLS $2,150 - $2,150 $2,586
Lunar Gateway $450  $490 - $500
Lunar Lander - $1,000 - $744
Space Technology $927 $1,146 $1,292 $1,076
Space Operations $4,639 $4,285 $4,286 $4,150
Aeronautics $725 $666 $700 $784
STEM Engagement $110 $0 $123 $112
Safety, Security, & Mission Services $2,755 $3,084 $3,085 $2,935
Construction and Environmental Compliance $348 $600 $497 $524

All values are in millions of dollars. *Includes the supplemental FY 2020 budget request released in May 2019. **Senate Astrophysics budget does not include JWST cost.

House Appropriations Committee Source Documents

Senate Appropriations Committee Source Documents

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