Emily LakdawallaOct 16, 2008

Hubble to resume normal science operations Friday morning

I've had so many things to write about lately that I've given short shrift to the drama on the Hubble Space Telescope. In quick summary, on September 27 -- just two weeks before the final Hubble Servicing Mission was due to launch -- a critical component of Hubble's electronics failed. The Science Instrument Command and Data Handling Unit (SI C&DH, for short, though that's not much easier to type than the longhand term, so I think I'll call it the Data Handling Unit) is responsible for processing data from three of Hubble's four main instruments for relay to Earth; without it, only the Fine Guidance Sensors (which are used to precisely measure the positions of stars) remained functional. Fortunately, the Data Handling Unit is internally redundant, having two identical sets of electronics. Hubble has been using "Side A" of the Data Handling Unit since its launch in 1990; Side B has never before been turned on.

Astronauts enter Hubble

NASA

Astronauts enter Hubble
This view was shot from the bay of Space Shuttle Endeavour in December 1993. On this mission, STS-61, astronauts repaired the originally faulty vision of the Hubble Space Telescope.

That's all good, but, unless they figure out a tricky way to repair Side A from Earth (and I am told that's not possible), it does leave Hubble without a backup Data Handling Unit. So now NASA needs to consider what to do about the next servicing mission. Are they going to need to send up a new Data Handling Unit? If so, will that crowd out so much time that they won't be able to perform some of the other repairs initially planned for the mission? And if they need to send up such a unit, it doesn't seem likely that they can build it quickly enough to have it ready for launch in a few months -- it seems that the launch of the Servicing Mission would have to be delayed much longer. Oops -- several readers, who are clearly much more up on the Hubble and the Shuttle program than I, have written to tell me that there's a spare Data Handling Unit available on Earth, which is going through testing now, and will probably be ready for launch by some time in January. It actually reached a record, I think, for both the number of corrections and the rate at which I received them! I should probably let others who are more expert on these topics write about Hubble and the Shuttle missions -- Phil Plait's been doing a thorough job of covering this particular story, and Astroprof has too.

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