The discovery of seven, Earth-sized planets in a nearby solar system was announced last week. Astrophysicist and planetary scientist Sara Seager was part of the NASA press conference. Now she joins us to share her excitement about this find that includes three planets in the habitable zone. Digital Editor Jason Davis says we’re a little closer to orbiting and landing on Jupiter’s moon Europa. Bill Nye comments on SpaceX plans to send two people around the moon in 2018. And it’s not too late to catch a high and bright Venus according to What’s Up astronomer Bruce Betts.
NASA / JPL-Caltech / F. Marchis
The TRAPPIST-1 system
Artist's representation of the Trappist-1 system with the exoplanets at scale between each other and the host red dwarf star. The ESI (Earth Similarity Indice) calculated by Abel Mendez (PHL) for each exoplanet is added. For comparison with our solar system planets, Earth's ESI is 1, Venus's ESI is 0.44, and Mars's ESI is 0.64. Caution: the ESI is not a direct measure of habitability but formally a fuzzy comparison, using a distance metric, between a selected set of planetary properties of a planet and Earth. See http://phl.upr.edu/projects/earth-similarity-index-esi for more information.
Where in the solar system would you find a crater named Valentine, after Saint Valentine?
The answer will be revealed next week.
Question from the week before:
What was the first star to be photographed besides the Sun? It has been used to define zero magnitude on the stellar brightness scale.
While there were several possible answers that met Bruce’s requirements, astronaut Thomas Reiter of Germany is who we were looking for as the non-American, non-Russian, non-Soviet who has spent the most time in space.