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Thank You, LightSail Trackers

Posted by Jason Davis

19-06-2015 13:19 CDT

Topics: pretty pictures, Planetary Society Projects, LightSail

During LightSail’s brief 25-day test mission, we encouraged space enthusiasts worldwide to train their radios, cameras and telescopes on the sky to help track our solar sail spacecraft. The response was incredible, and we’re already thinking about ways we can better support your efforts for next year's flight.

Early on, I started making a conscious effort to drop the word “amateur” when describing the public radio and astronomy communities. When groups like SatObs.org started providing orbital predictions that were good enough to use in our own ground tracking efforts, the “amateur” tag felt like a disservice to your skill and dedication.

During the mission, my inbox overflowed with beacon packets, screenshots and photographs. I still have a backlog of general inquiries I need to work through, so I sincerely apologize to those of you that wrote in and didn’t get a timely answer. The level of interest was overwhelming and humbling.

This is an attempt to recognize everyone in the radio and astronomical community that helped track LightSail. If you sent us something but don’t see your name listed, please chime in on the comments and I'll try to add you to the list. Also let me know if you want your radio call sign to be added to your entry.  

SatObs team

Ted Molczan, Cees Bassa and Scott Tilley contributed dozens of observations over the course of the mission. Ted created a special SatObs.org page dedicated to LightSail that was updated continually with new orbital predictions, and the team's orbital plots were an invaluable supplement to those provided by the Joint Space Operations Command.

Thanks, Ted, Cees and Scott, for often knowing our spacecraft's position better then we knew it ourselves.

Here's just one sample of Scott's Doppler plots:

LightSail doppler data

Scott Tilley

LightSail doppler data
June 11

Cees created videos of a few of his observations:

LightSail 1 from the Netherlands, June 8

Cees Bassa

LightSail 1 from the Netherlands, June 8
This post-sail deployment LightSail 1 flyover was captured by Cees Bassa in the Netherlands on June 8 at 01:45:20 UTC.
LightSail 1 from the Netherlands, June 11

Cees Bassa

LightSail 1 from the Netherlands, June 11
This post-sail deployment LightSail 1 flyover was captured by Cees Bassa in the Netherlands on June 11 at 0:35:20 UTC.

The SatObs team credited their success to some of the following individuals that also sent in observations:

Ron Dantowitz, Clay Center Observatory

Andriy Makeyev in Crimea sent in videos of two laser ranging attempts. Here is one of them:

Andriy Makeyev

LightSail laser ranging attempt, June 7 (CubeSat form)
This video, captured by Andriy Makeyev in Crimea, shows LightSail 1 crossing the sky on June 7, 2015 at 00:20:32 UTC prior to solar sail deployment. The bright beam was used for laser ranging (no echoes were returned from LightSail). Details: EVS VNC-753-H2 CCD camera, 12cm refractor (FOV is 36'x27'). SLR station Katzively-1893, 44.3932°N, 33.9701°E, 68.7 m.

Nikolay Koshkin of the Astronomical Observatory of Odessa University sent in multiple light curves showing LightSail's brightness changes as it tumbled. Here is his last observation, where the rotational rate had increased:

LightSail magnitude plot

Nikolay Koshkin / Astronomical Observatory of Odessa University

LightSail magnitude plot
June 13

Aaron Kingery, Bill Cooke and Robert Suggs, NASA Marshall Spaceflight Center:

NASA MSFC

LightSail sails across the sky
This video, captured by observers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center, tracks LightSail as it flies across the sky on June 8 following solar sail deployment. Observers: Aaron Kingery, Bill Cooke and Rob Suggs
LightSail from Spain, June 8, 3:16 UTC

Bill Cooke / NASA Marshall Space Flight Center

LightSail from Spain, June 8, 3:16 UTC
This four-minute exposure of LightSail was captured June 8, 2015, starting 3:16:52 UTC from a telescope located at the AstroCamp Observatory near Nerpio, Spain. LightSail is the almost vertical line down the left side of the image, which has a 1.2 x 1.9 degree field of view (North is at top). The other satellite track is Kosmos 2360, a Tselina electronic signals intelligence satellite launched by Russia on July 28, 1998. Equipment: iTelescope 6” (150 mm) Takahashi TOA-150 refractor equipped with a SBIG STL-11000M CCD. The telescope was pointed at the maximum height of the pass (321.3 degree azimuth, 45.6 degree elevation. Observer credit: Bill Cooke, Meteoroid Environments Office, EV44, NASA Marshall Space Flight Center
LightSail light curve

NASA MSFC

LightSail light curve
Observers at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center plotted LightSail's observed magnitude during a June 8 overflight following solar sail deployment. The spike from 10 to 20 seconds is believed to be a result of sun glint.

Brad Young (visual)

Alberto Rango (visual)

Leo Barhorst (camera)

Kevin Fetter (camera)

Bram Dorreman (visual, photometry)

Elena Katkova of Kazan State University used a wide-field survey telescope called the MMT in Russia:

LightSail magnitudes by MMT system, Russia

Elena Katkova / MMT system / Kazan State University

LightSail magnitudes by MMT system, Russia
June 12 and 13
MMT System, Kazan State University, Russia

MMT System, Kazan State University

MMT System, Kazan State University, Russia
The MMT system was used to track LightSail. Vitaly Mechinsky writes the "satellite section works only due to three enthusiasts." More info: http://astroguard.ru/en/index.html

Packet hunters

The following people recorded and submitted LightSail beacon packets. These are the automated telemetry chirps that contain health and status information from the spacecraft:

Mark Rutten, Ben Jamali and Iain Cartwright, Australia Defence Science and Technology Organisation (radio and optical tracking)

Ken Swaggart, Lincoln City, OR, W7KKE (first decoded community packet)

Mario Fazio, Argentina, LU4EOU

Eric Oosterbaan, Netherlands, PA2EON

Tetsurou Satou, Japan, JA0CAW. Tetsurou also tweeted many passes:

Mike Rupprecht, Germany, DK3WN. Mike also blogged and tweeted his observations:

Edgar, Germany, DF2MZ

Radim Mutina, OM2AMR

LightSail over Europe

Radim Mutina

LightSail over Europe
June 8

Edson W. R. Pereira, Brazil, PY2SDR

Finally, Cal Poly's Justin Foley gets credit for tracking LightSail from two hemispheres. Justin was in Australia during launch, but came home and worked the LightSail graveyard shift with Dr. John Bellardo for many nights after orbital operations intensified. (We could write a whole blog post dedicated to Justin, John and the rest of the team.) Justin also wins the best accompanying hashtag.

DSLR night owls

LightSail from Vancouver

Justin Miles

LightSail from Vancouver
Saturday June 13th, "3:06AM-ish" local, reports Justin.
LightSail from Santa Cruz, June 9, 10:52 UTC

Kirk Bender

LightSail from Santa Cruz, June 9, 10:52 UTC
This image of LightSail was captured from Santa Cruz, California on June 9 at 3:52 a.m. PDT (10:52 UTC). The photo was analyzed by two additional amateur trackers for verification. Photo details: f/1.4, exposure 20 seconds, ISO 800, 30mm.
LightSail from Tahoe National Forest, California (1 of 2)

Kirk Bender

LightSail from Tahoe National Forest, California (1 of 2)
Taken from Packer Lake saddle, near Sierra Buttes, in the Tahoe National Forest, California, June 13.
LightSail from Tahoe National Forest, California (2 of 2)

Kirk Bender

LightSail from Tahoe National Forest, California (2 of 2)
A continuation of photo 1 by Kirk Bender, taken from Packer Lake saddle, near Sierra Buttes, in the Tahoe National Forest, California, June 13. LightSail is in the lower right; an airplane created the upper right streak.
LightSail from Germany

Daniel Fischer

LightSail from Germany
Imaged on June 14. Said Fischer: "Visually it was spectacular, at times as bright as the brightest stars, then practically invisible, and racing through the sky really fast on its low, decaying orbit. Much more impressive than any ISS pass - and the first time I saw a spacecraft less than 24 hours before reentry."

Radio listeners

Here are some more folks that heard LightSail's signals:

Nico Janssen, PA0DLO, was one of the first trackers to identify which of the ten CubeSats launched May 20 was LightSail. He correctly identified us as ULTRASat 7, using detailed Doppler data.

Ulf Bertilsson:

Jan v Gils, PE0SAT:

Dimitry, Russia, R4UAB

Koos van den Hout, PD4KH (listened in via a South Africa-based WebSDR)

LightSail from Perth, Western Australia

Ben Schram

LightSail from Perth, Western Australia
May 22

Arthur Dent

LightSail chirp over Ontario
May 22
LightSail from Bundaberg, Australia

Peter Gross

LightSail from Bundaberg, Australia
June 11, 2015, 02:11 UTC

Scott Chapman, K4KDR

LightSail from Montpelier, Va
June 13, 5:17 UTC

Other contributions

Imagery master James Canvin created a fantastic top-down selfie projection using images from our day-in-the-life tests. He used the technique again to flatten LightSail's orbital sails-out image, but we ultimately learned that the booms are likely flexing a bit in space, skewing the reprojection results. Thanks, James! 

LightSail DITL selfie

James Canvin

LightSail DITL selfie
This LightSail "selfie" using reprojected images from the spacecraft's day-in-the-life tests was created by James Canvin.
 
See other posts from June 2015

 

Or read more blog entries about: pretty pictures, Planetary Society Projects, LightSail

Comments:

Vladimir Chebotarevskiy: 06/19/2015 05:32 CDT

It was a wonderful mission such as a first man in space!

Ugi: 06/23/2015 04:34 CDT

When you look at organising "crowd sourced tracking", you might like to consider the UK's High Altitude Balloon community as a model. They have a distributed receiver network with automated upload of received packets to a central server that allows anyone with a radio to receive packets from High Altitude Balloons and return those data in real time (in their case to plot on a Google map). This means that they will often receive every single data packet from a balloon launch even though no single receiver could possibly catch them all. See habhub.org for their resources. Really enjoyed following this mission - thanks for the great updates. Ugi

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