A little fun with Cassini rings images
Posted By Emily Lakdawalla
25-02-2014 18:51 CST
It's happened again; I went into the Cassini image archive looking for something specific and wound up spending several hours playing with totally unrelated image data. There are just too many images in there, and all of them pretty. I was struck by this one, showing Saturn's shadow falling on the rings. We're looking at the unlit face of the rings (that is, the Sun is lighting them up from behind), which is why the F ring appears so bright. If you can't quite picture the geometry, here's a link to the Solar System Simulator that may help.
I love the images of the rings that were taken in 2009, around the time of Saturn's equinox. The rings are essentially a flat disk so ordinarily they appear pretty much the same brightness all the way around, at a given distance from Saturn. But near equinox, the rings got so dark (because they were being lit at such a low angle by the Sun), that Saturnshine became an important light source for the rings. And of course Saturnshine is much brighter at the longitude that's close to noon on Saturn.
Sometimes images are marred by blemishes that make them accidentally beautiful. Here's one that was taken close enough to the Sun that there's a lot of stray light blasting the scene. It's especially pretty here because those light rays weren't in the same positions in red, green, and blue-filter images, so the color combination appears to be in some kind of rainbow light bath. Either that or the rings are casting a rainbow light spell out into space.
Finally, here's a great accidentally beautiful image. It was taken at nearly the same time as this famous "In Saturn's Shadow" portrait, but at a time when the Sun was not blocked by the planet. The Sun dominates the view, and adds a couple of lens flares for good measure.