Help Shape the Future of Space Exploration

Join The Planetary Society Now  arrow.png

Join our eNewsletter for updates & action alerts

    Please leave this field empty

Jason Davis headshot v.3

SLS Sheds White Paint, Completes Critical Design Review

Posted by Jason Davis

22-10-2015 13:06 CDT

Topics: SLS, Orion, human spaceflight, rockets

NASA’s Space Launch System has officially completed its Critical Design Review, the agency announced today. That alone isn't a revelation—we've known for a couple months the CDR went well and was awaiting a final blessing from NASA management. The big news is that new artist's concepts for the vehicle show the core stage and stage adapter in their natural, orange colors:

SLS over the flame trench


SLS over the flame trench

The orange color comes from insulation that covers the vehicle's liquid hydrogen and oxygen tanks. This is the same reason that the space shuttle's external fuel tank was orange. The first two shuttle flights, STS-1 and STS-2, in 1981, featured tanks painted white to protect the shuttle from ultraviolet light while sitting on the launch pad. But after engineers concluded the protection was unnecessary, the white paint was discarded, freeing up 600 pounds of weight in the process.

Ares V, NASA's original heavy lift vehicle proposed for the post-shuttle era, also would have had brown insulation covering its core stage. At a glance, SLS now looks quite similar to Ares:

Ares V


Ares V

The Constellation program—and thus, Ares—was axed. When NASA debuted SLS in 2011, the 8.4-meter-diameter core stage had a pearl-white paint job and Saturn V-style livery, invoking nostalgia for the time when mammoth rockets carried astronauts beyond low-Earth orbit.

The Space Launch System (original concept)


The Space Launch System (original concept)

Many internal NASA documents, however, used SLS artist's concepts with orange core stages. Over the past year, I've raised the paint job question with several NASA engineers and managers, and received conflicting answers. It became clear that the shiny white SLS renderings NASA was using might not match reality.

As if to placate anyone disappointed over the switch from white to brown, the new SLS renderings include orange and grey swirls on the aft ends of the solid rocket boosters. This immediately made me think of ATK's Liberty rocket, and the Ares I-X booster. Orbital ATK manufactures the Space Launch System's five-segment solid rocket boosters.

ATK Liberty rocket


ATK Liberty rocket

Now sporting its natural, orange color, SLS remains on track for a 2018 debut. Will the booster swirls make it to launch day?

SLS Block 1 expanded view


SLS Block 1 expanded view

See other posts from October 2015


Or read more blog entries about: SLS, Orion, human spaceflight, rockets


Atom: 10/22/2015 08:16 CDT

I love big orange rockets! I can't wait to see one launching a big spacecraft to Europa!

Arbitrary: 10/22/2015 08:57 CDT

That black stripe which doesn't add up in the second image, is not a good design idea, I think. Talking about paint. I'll try to be on site to watch the first launch live when it happens. After all the costs and delays and politics and compromises it will be comforting to finally see a human spaceflight capable launcher lift off.

dougforworldsexplr: 10/23/2015 12:35 CDT

I am glad the SLS is going ahead on schedule. I hope the new president and congress will continue this program. Is there some assurance this will happen as the US deep space manned space program has been set back several times with new presidents in the last 20 years. I hope some provision can be made to use the SLS to land astronauts on some significant destinations like the Moon or Mars and establish bases before the late 2030s.

Tony Fisk: 10/24/2015 04:35 CDT

I was under the impression that the 'black lines' were a visual aid to determine craft orientation when tracking, but it wouldn't be the first time I was wrong.

Arbitrary: 10/25/2015 05:19 CDT

@Mr. Fisk, I do think it was, in the 1940s. But there are nowaday better ways to measure the orientation of the rocket than using a ruler on a reel afterwards.

Karen: 10/25/2015 08:42 CDT

What's the current estimate for SLS launch costs? Still about $14k/kg ($1B/launch) if you don't include capital costs and several times more if you include capital costs, right? Such a tremendous waste of money for something that is clearly not even close to financially viable in the long term.

GaryChurch: 01/08/2016 12:55 CST

Tremendous waste? "Financially viable"? You do realize you are commenting on a space exploration website? Not a SpaceX website.

Leave a Comment:

You must be logged in to submit a comment. Log in now.
Facebook Twitter Email RSS AddThis

Blog Search

Planetary Defense

An asteroid or comet headed for Earth is the only large-scale natural disaster we can prevent. Working together to fund our Shoemaker NEO Grants for astronomers, we can help save the world.


Featured Images

LightSail 2 and Prox-1
Bill Nye at LightSail 2 pre-ship review
LightSail 2 pre-ship review team photo
Swirling maelstrom
More Images

Featured Video

Class 9: Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune

Watch Now

Space in Images

Pretty pictures and
awe-inspiring science.

See More

Join The Planetary Society

Let’s explore the cosmos together!

Become a Member

Connect With Us

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and more…
Continue the conversation with our online community!