Chang'e 3 update with lots of pictures: Yutu begins lunar journey
There was a lot of action on Chang'e 3 over the weekend! The first thing I want to share with you is this cool little video of the rover rolling, evidently shot on the Moon. I took it from this news report on Youtube. It was a television camera recording of a video monitor, so the color is all washed out, but you are looking at video of a rover making tracks on the dusty surface of another world. Tremendous.
CNSA / ifeng.com / Emily Lakdawalla
Yutu rolling on the Moon
China's Yutu rover makes tracks on the surface of the Moon, taken on December 21, 2013. This sequence was taken from a television broadcast, aligned to correct for the motion of the camera, and its color adjusted.
A little story -- I didn't know the date of the image but could figure it out with some help from Phil Stooke's route map, below. We have a side view of the rover in motion, so it was taken before the December 22 drive when the rover drove due south. We know it was after lunar noon, so it can't have been taken when the rover was on the due-south leg of its circumnavigation of the lander. It had to be facing southwest. Thus, the video was taken on December 21.
Ten pictures have been taken at five spots so far, and all of them are better than we expected. The rover has moved in a semi-circle around the lander. Afterwards, they will begin to conduct scientific explorations of the geography and geomorphology of the landing spot and nearby areas, and materials like minerals and elements there. We will also explore areas 30 meters and 100 meters beneath the lunar soil [This refers to the ground-penetrating radar instrument --ESL]. The exploration will continue longer than we planned, because all the instruments and equipments are working very well.
That's good news! This story from chinanews.com adds to that, stating that the rover's arm has safely been deployed for the first time. The mission is hurrying to complete checkouts of the rover systems before night begins to fall and the rover has to hibernate for two weeks, beginning December 26.
You can see from the map that the rover has left the lander behind, embarking on her lunar journey, toward the south. Here is a lovely picture of that. This is the first picture I have seen from the Chang'e 3 mission that appears to be a direct-to-the-Web digital image -- it has not been through multiple video compressions first. Absolutely lovely.
CNSA / Gordan Ugarkovic
Yutu begins her lunar journey
The Chang'e 3 lander took this photo of the rover Yutu on December 22, 2013. The rover had completed a semicircular tour of the lander and was departing the lander due south. This version of the image has been white-balanced and color-corrected.
I tweeted this image over the weekend, and among the responses I received was one from Curiosity engineer Bobak Ferdowsi, who remarked on how strange it was to see a brightly lit rover on the surface with black black black space above it. So different from Mars!
Several commenters asked why no stars are visible in the sky. If you can see space, why no stars? It's a matter of contrast -- there is so much light being reflected off of the lunar surface that the exposure of the photo is too short to reveal the far fainter stars in the sky. However, if you pointed a camera at space and prevented stray Moon-light from entering your camera's field of view, you'd be able to take longer exposures and you'd see plenty of stars. In fact, that's one of the experiments on the Chang'e 3 lander -- astronomy performed by a camera sitting on the airless surface of the Moon.
Here's another picture of the rover at the same position (you can tell from features on the ground), except the rover has rotated and the mast is tilted down -- maybe for imaging of the surface?
Yutu on the Moon
Taken December 22, 2013 when the rover was 18 meters from the lander.
And now, some views of the lander. Here's the best one I've seen, taken after the rover drove around to the lander's south, so now it's nicely lit. There are a few more views of the lander from different perspectives (grabbed from television broadcasts, so they are lower quality), shared in this post on nasaspaceflight.com.
Chang'e 3 on the surface of the Moon
Yutu took this photo of Chang'e 3 on December 21 or 22. You can see the rover's tracks in the lunar soil behind the lander at the right.
Ricardo Nunes pointed out at unmannedspaceflight.com that two of the photos were taken from slightly different perspectives. That means I can give you a 3D photo of the lander on the Moon! Get your red-blue glasses, or select one of the other 3D display options below!
CNSA / Emily Lakdawalla
3D view of Chang'e 3 on the surface of the Moon
Two views of the Chang'e 3 lander taken by the Yutu rover on December 22, 2013 were processed to create this 3D view.
More formats: Left stereo | Right stereo
| Flicker gif
These photos were part of a post-landing campaign of mutual imaging of rover and lander. Here's a graphic describing the campaign.
Mutual imaging of Chang'e 3 lander and rover
The bold text reads: "5 spots, 5 angles." The distance from lander to rover was about 9 meters at point A and 10 meters at points B and C. At point E the rover had driven 18 meters from the lander.
Editorial note: Christmas is in two days, and I'm going to try to take some time off in the next week, so this may be my last post for several days, unless something happens that I can't not write about. Happy solstice and merry Christmas!