Help Shape the Future of Space Exploration

Join The Planetary Society Now  arrow.png

Join our eNewsletter for updates & action alerts

    Please leave this field empty

Headshot of Emily Lakdawalla

Chang'e 3 ready to launch to the Moon

Posted by Emily Lakdawalla

30-11-2013 10:05 CST

Topics: mission status, Chang'E program

Another brief mission status update: Here's China's official announcement that Chang'e 3 is set to launch tomorrow -- December 2 at 01:30 China time, or December 1 at 17:30 UT / 09:30 PT. I first reported this as just a rumor, but it's now been officially stated. The launch opportunity is a narrow, nearly instantaneous window each day, because the rocket will be sending Chang'e 3 on a direct lunar transfer trajectory.

What's funny is that the first reliable information I saw on the launch date didn't come from an official Chinese source; it came from the European Space Agency, whose ground stations will be actively supporting the launch and operations of Change'3 and its rover Yutu. Here are the details from that release -- note the December 14 arrival date, which is earlier than I had previously reported:

Chang’e-3 liftoff is set for around 18:00 GMT on 1 December, and the 15 m-diameter dish in Kourou will pick up the first signals around 18:44 GMT.

ESA's Estrack tracking station control room at ESOC, the European Space Operations Centre, Working with Chinese tracking stations, Kourou will support the mission through lunar orbit entry on 6 December continuing until just prior to its descent to the surface, expected around mid-day on 14 December.

The landing and rover operations on the Moon will be commanded via two Chinese tracking stations at Kashi, in the far west of China, and at Jiamusi, in the northeast.

“After the lander and rover are on the surface, we will use our 35 m-diameter deep-space antennas at Cebreros, Spain, and New Norcia, Australia, to provide ‘delta-DOR’ location measurement,” says Erik Soerensen, responsible for external mission tracking support at ESOC.

“Using this delta-DOR technique, you can compute locations with extreme accuracy, which will help our Chinese colleagues to determine the precise location of the lander.”

Together with Cebreros, New Norcia will record Chang’e-3’s radio signals during landing, which will help the Chinese space agency to reconstruct the trajectory for future reference.

A team of engineers from China will be on hand in Darmstadt. “While we’re very international at ESOC, hardly anyone speaks Mandarin, so having Chinese colleagues on site will really help in case of any unforeseen problems,” says Erik.

“Both sides are using international technical standards to enable our stations and ESOC to communicate with their mission and ground systems."

I hope we'll see updates on Twitter from ESA and ESA Operations about Chang'e 3 tracking status! Pro tip: You can try looking for images and news for yourself with a Google search on "嫦娥三".

Here's a Chinese state television report -- I don't know what the talking heads are saying, but the included mission animations are cool.

And here's a nice long computer animation of the spacecraft operating on the Moon (thanks to an Australian reader for tipping me to this animation):

See other posts from November 2013


Or read more blog entries about: mission status, Chang'E program


Daniel Scuka: 12/01/2013 04:41 CST

Hi Emily: Thanks for this... and for the link to the Xinhua news with updated launch time. You mention above "December 14 arrival ..." We think it's actually Dec 6 arrival followed by landing on Dec 14, assuming all nominal with launch and lunar cruise. Cheers!

Pradeep Mohandas: 12/01/2013 09:17 CST

In the second video, that's a neat trick for bringing down the rover from atop the lander. Thanks for the update.

Richard TANGUY: 12/01/2013 12:59 CST

Hi, Today, it was a very, very beautiful launch of the chinese spacecraft Chang'e 3 from CCTV news. Cameras mounted in the first, second and third stage. Live separation of the spacecraft was very spectacular. Congratulations to the chinese space agency, scientists ans engineers, and to chinese people !

Michael Khan: 12/02/2013 09:25 CST

Launch was on December 2, Lunar Orbit Insertion will be on December 6 and landing on December 14. That leaves over a week in lunar orbit for final landing preparations and perhaps a dress rehearsal or two. The landing date makes perfect sense. Full moon is on December 17. The Sun will rise over the landing site in Sinus Iridum on December 13. That means that on December 14 the Sun will already be at an appreciable elevation over the horizon when Chang'E-3 lands, so the cameras will see where the craft is going and the solar arrays will receive sunlight. In fact, December 14 is the earliest possible landing date in December.

zoya_1: 12/03/2013 05:37 CST

china will be third country after US and Russia to succeed in the mission see my link

Leave a Comment:

You must be logged in to submit a comment. Log in now.
Facebook Twitter Email RSS AddThis

Blog Search

Planetary Defense

An asteroid or comet headed for Earth is the only large-scale natural disaster we can prevent. Working together to fund our Shoemaker NEO Grants for astronomers, we can help save the world.


Featured Images

LightSail 2 and Prox-1
Bill Nye at LightSail 2 pre-ship review
LightSail 2 pre-ship review team photo
Swirling maelstrom
More Images

Featured Video

Class 9: Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune

Watch Now

Space in Images

Pretty pictures and
awe-inspiring science.

See More

Join The Planetary Society

Let’s explore the cosmos together!

Become a Member

Connect With Us

Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and more…
Continue the conversation with our online community!