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Jason DavisFebruary 5, 2019

So long, MarCO, and thanks for the radio transmissions

NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory says it does not expect to receive any more transmissions from the MarCO CubeSats that accompanied the Insight lander to Mars last year. The two tiny spacecraft, which relayed Insight's descent signal back to Earth in real time, have not been heard from in more than a month.

Mars approach from MarCO-B


Mars approach from MarCO-B
MarCO-B, one of the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, took these images as it approached Mars.

News Brief

NASA last heard from MarCO-B (a.k.a. WALL-E) on 29 December 2018, and MarCO-A (a.k.a. EVE) on 4 January 2019. Both spacecraft are now trailing Mars by 1.6 million (MarCO-B) and 3.2 million (EVE) kilometers.

It takes some pretty precise pointing to send a signal back to Earth from that far out, and it seems the CubeSats are no longer up to the task. MarCO-B has had a leaky thruster since leaving Earth, and either spacecraft could be suffering from attitude control or sun sensor problems. They’ll start falling back towards the inner solar system this summer, and though NASA will try to contact the spacecraft at that point, they don't expect to hear anything.

MarCO spacecraft

MarCO spacecraft
Engineer Joel Steinkraus stands with both of the Mars Cube One (MarCO) spacecraft at NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory. The one on the left is folded up the way it will be stowed on its rocket; the one on the right has its solar panels fully deployed, along with its high-gain antenna on top.

MarCO was the first deep space CubeSat mission, made possible by an increasing number of companies building small, radiation-hardened electronics that can survive beyond Earth orbit. MarCO managed to not only survive, it successfully relayed Insight's signal back to Earth using a radio transceiver measuring just 10-by-10-by-10 centimeters, and a foldout antenna that measured barely a centimeter thick when stowed. The cameras, built by a company called Gumstix, were practically an afterthought, tucked in to the spacecraft at the last minute — yet they returned some very unique and impressive pictures.

"This mission was always about pushing the limits of miniaturized technology and seeing just how far it could take us," said Andy Klesh, the mission's chief engineer at JPL, in NASA's press release. "We've put a stake in the ground. Future CubeSats might go even farther."

MarCO view of Mars after InSight landing


MarCO view of Mars after InSight landing
MarCO-B, one of the experimental Mars Cube One (MarCO) CubeSats, took this image of Mars from about 6,000 kilometers away during its flyby on 26 November 2018. This image was taken at about 20:10 UTC while MarCO-B was flying away from the planet after InSight landed.

Read more: InSight, Mars

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Jason Davis

Editorial Director for The Planetary Society
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