Quick Rosetta update: Churyumov-Gerasimenko is a contact binary!
I'm just back from vacation and struggling to catch up but I could not wait to post these amazing new images of comet Churymov-Gerasimenko from Rosetta. The nucleus of the comet is clearly a contact binary -- two smaller (and unequally sized object) in close contact. The CNES page where this photo was released says the whole nucleus measures 4 by 3.5 kilometers, in good agreement with Hubble and Spitzer estimates. Philippe Lamy is quoted as estimating that the two components would have come into contact at a relative speed of about 3 meters per second in order to stick together in this way.
ESA / Rosetta / MPS for OSIRIS Team MPS / UPD / LAM / IAA / SSO / INTA / UPM / DASP / IDA
Comet Churyumov-Gerasimenko from Rosetta on July 11, 2014
As Rosetta approached its target comet, the shape of the nucleus was revealed to be a contact binary -- two unequal-sized objects in contact with each other. All together, the object is about 4 by 3.5 kilometers in size.
Wow, wow, wow. I can't wait to get closer!
This unusual shape could present a navigational challenge for the Philae lander team. The CNES release quotes Philae navigator Eric Jurado as saying that "navigation around such a body should not be much more complex than around a nucleus of irregular spherical type, but landing the Philae probe [scheduled for November 11], however, could be more difficult, as this form restricts potential landing zones."
I'm at the New Horizons science team meeting right now and have had great fun showing these pictures to gobsmacked space scientists. Naturally, they're all trying to figure out what to call its shape. Alex Parker came up with the clearly best answer: