Well, this is exciting! A contest has just been announced that appears to create a pathway for schoolchildren to suggest names to the International Astronomical Union for minor planets -- all those small things in the solar system that don't orbit the eight big ones. There are thousands and thousands of minor planets, and only a few of them have names. Asking kids to suggest names is a great way to get them excited about what's out there, and also, by the way, to motivate them to do some research, which they have to do in order to eliminate names that have already been used. That's why The Planetary Society has always advocated for naming contests for space missions and objects; contests that we've organized have resulted in the names for three minor planets, Bonestell, Nereus, and Braille.
NASA / JPL / Ted Stryk
Here's the scoop on how to enter the contest, taken from the Naming X website. That website makes a big deal about Venetia Burney, the girl who named Pluto, who died a year ago tomorrow. But I want to make it clear that we are not talking about naming more Plutos here. Contest entrants are submitting names into a pool, from which the Committee for Small Body Nomenclature can (but is not required to) draw to name previously unnamed objects. Although it's theoretically possible that names from this pool could be used to name the big ones, I think it's more likely that they'll turn up as names for the much more common, smaller ones. But that, I think, is a good thing, because that means this contest will, I hope, not have just one or two "winners." There are boatloads of unnamed small objects out there -- like 2005 YU55, for instance -- so this contest appears to present a pathway for many kids to name space objects. Cool!
As a tribute to Venetia's extraordinary contribution and to [Pluto's] young discoverer, the American Clyde Tombaugh, Space Renaissance Education Chapter, in collaboration with Father Films, announce the launch of Naming X, a global online competition, to find the next influential student or school group with the creative and scientific talent to suggest a suitable name for a minor planet and a reason why.
The Committee for Small Body Nomenclature (CSBN) of the International Astronomical Union, the body responsible for the naming of minor planets and comets, is supporting this educational initiative and will consider the winning names for the naming of minor planets....
Judges for Naming X include Canadian astronomer & comet discoverer, David Levy, Professor Ian Morison of Gresham University, who holds the oldest chair of Astronomy in the world also held by Christopher Wren and Marc W. Buie, collaborator on the New Horizons Mission to Pluto & staff scientist at Southwest Research Institute (SwRI), one of the oldest and largest independent, nonprofit, applied research and development (R&D) organizations in the United States. Educators,Carolina Odman, Julia Elizabeth Taylor, Janet Ivey-Duensing and Joan Chamberlin will also assist.From the competition rules page:
Winning names will pass through the same judging process as any other minor planet name proposals from discoverers or orbit computers.
The process is detailed and can take from 4 to 6months for a decision to be made, so there is no guarantee that Naming X's winning names will be accepted, applied or used....
Entrants must choose one name per entry and their reasoning for their choice of name is to be no longer than 25 words.
Please enter your name, year, age and school's name, City and Country and email address.
In the subject box write the Category you are entering and your chosen name only, i.e.: Category 1 - Pluto. Please abide to this format or your name will not be considered.
Should the same name be submitted by different applicants, the first to be submitted will be selected, so hurry!
Winning entries are at the sole discretion of the judges and their decisions are final. Submissions after the deadline will not be accepted.
To adhere to the CSBN's naming of minor planet protocol suggested names must be:
16 characters or less in length, preferably one word
pronounceable (in some language)
not too similar to an existing name of a Minor Planet or natural Planetary satellite.
The names of individuals or events principally known for political or military activities are unsuitable until 100 years after the death of the individual or the occurrence of the event.
names of pet animals are discouraged
names of a purely or principally commercial nature are not allowed.
Category 1 -- for 1 -- 11 years
Category 2 -- 12+
Category 3 -- School groups (teams)
Submissions to Naming X closes on 30th May 2010 and winning names will be announced around June 14th 2010.
A signed certificate from our judging panel
Your name will be included in a working paper and presented formally to the CSBN of the IAU
Telescope time from Bellatrix Observatory, Italy with guidance of a professional astronomer. All you will need is Internet connectivity.
A copy of the award winning short film of Venetia's story, Naming Pluto and an A3 film poster, both care of Father Films
To enter, kids (or their teachers or parents on their behalf) must send an email before May 30 to firstname.lastname@example.org with the Subject line of the email of the form "Category N - NAME" where N is the age category in which you are entering and NAME is the name you are proposing. Provide the 25-word-or-less explanation and the personal/school information in the body of the email. Note that you are NOT proposing to name any specific unnamed object; you are simply suggesting a name that could be used for any previously unnamed small body.