Phoenix sol 58 update: rasping and scraping in Wonderland
Today I caught up with Leslie Tamppari, Phoenix project scientist, to get the latest from Mars' north pole. What I was most concerned about was trying to understand the chronology and rationale of all the work they've been doing at their trench site at Wonderland, and where they think they are headed with TEGA. So here's the recent timeline in a nutshell, some of which overlaps with what I talked about from my previous conversation with Ray Arvidson.
On sol 47, having finished up some work with the TECP, they commanded the arm to move and accidentally ran it into the rock named Alice. This wasn't a big problem, it just caused a one-sol hiatus in arm operations, because they had to figure out what the situation of the arm was on sol 48; the rest of sol 48 was filled out with remote sensing stuff. More on that below.
Sol 50 was their first successful rasping, consisting of two holes, as I discussed previously. However, Leslie told me that the placement of the rasp wound up being farther back in the trench than they had desired, and as a result they weren't confident that they'd actually rasped into hard material.
Then, on sol 51, while trying to scrape clean the trench, the arm ran in to some kind of little obstruction at the bottom of the trench, so it met more resistance than expected. After three attempts to scrape it quit trying and waited for further instructions, and they spent sol 52 figuring out what went on.
So on sol 53 they tested out the rasping procedure again, doing four holes. Again, though, it was a little farther back in the trench than they really wanted and they weren't completely sure they got into the hard, icy layer. They also got the TEGA oven 0 doors open.
On sol 54 they did a test placement of the rasp on the bottom of the trench, but then they had to pause their rasping work to get ready for an overnight campaign with the soil temperature and conductivity probe, TECP. On sol 54 they also took the ground photos for that cool "midnight sun" montage.
Sol 55 was spent on this lengthy campaign with TECP and also atmospheric observations coordinated with Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter. Every two hours, as the orbiter crossed Phoenix' latitude, Phoenix gathered measurements on its sky as the orbiter did too. Particularly involved was Mars Climate Sounder, which was able to point over in the direction of Phoenix to make measurements from the sky down as Phoenix was pointing from the ground up; they did this for more than a full sol.
On sol 56 they tried a third test of the rasping procedure. This time they followed the rasping by using the scoop over the rasped area to try to scoop up any raspings that may have fallen to the bottom of the trench, maximizing their sample volume. The team was pleased enough with how this test went that they decided to proceed toward the real sample acquisition for TEGA.
On sol 57 they scraped the heck out of Snow White to get it ready.
A last test on sol 58 was to do a few scrapings and then take pictures over the course of the sol to see what changes unfolded; Leslie says they're still analyzing those images but think they see both sublimation (icy material going away) and frost formation (ice from the air condensing on the ground).
They're now planning sol 59. They're moving toward the TEGA acquisition but Leslie had to run away from the phone to get back to her planning meeting so it wasn't clear to me whether the sample acqusition could actually happen on sol 59. I think not; I think they'll do last preparations of the trench on 59, and, if everything looks good, acquire and deliver the sample in the very early morning hours of sol 60.
Finally, Leslie cleared up something I've apparently been confused about for a while. The reason they're pressing toward getting an ice-rich sample for TEGA is because of concern about a possible short. This short is a "high-side" short that could affect the whole instrument. It is not the same as the short that affected oven 4; that one is "cleared," it can't possibly affect the operation of TEGA in the future.
Also, she mentioned one further detail about the problem with the TEGA doors: apparently the manufacturing problem is with "the rail at the bottom," and that it wasn't manufactured to a precise enough tolerance, so in some places it seems to bind the motion of the doors and in some places it does not.
Okay, so that covers the chronology; it's all updated on my sol-by-sol summary. I went to the Texas A & M raw images website and downloaded images that were taken by Phoenix every sol after rasping and scraping activity, and selected a few that documented some of the bigger changes to the trench for the animation below. I ran in to difficulty because the images were taken at many different times of day, so sometimes shadows crossed the trench and sometimes they did not. I tried to select and brighten the shadowed areas but didn't have a lot of time to fiddle with it to do the corrections very well, which is why you see weird snaky shadows crossing some of the frames. It's not my greatest work but it shows how things have been changing at Wonderland from sol to sol, and you can clearly see the little holes made in the trench by the rasp instrument, and how they always seem to end up pretty far to the back of the trench.
NASA / JPL / UA / Texas A & M / animation by Emily Lakdawalla
Phoenix scraping and rasping operations at Wonderland
From sols 42 through 57, Phoenix worked at a trench called "Snow White" within the Wonderland area, alternately scraping the bottom of the trench smooth, exposing fresh material, and attempting to use the rasp tool to acquire samples of icy material. After three tests of the rasp tool the team was satisfied and ready to proceed with an attempt to acquire a sample for the TEGA instrument. These images were taken at a variety of times of day, and sometimes shadows crossed the surface; quick and dirty attempts were made to brighten the shadowed areas to reveal details.
Something that Ray Arvidson didn't tell me about when I spoke with him last week was a little incident with the robotic arm. I had noticed on sol 48 what I thought of as a cool image of the robotic arm scoop buried in the Martian soil. It turns out that those images were taken to document an "oops" with the arm. Leslie explained to me that after doing some measurements with the TECP, the robotic arm had been commanded to move to a different position. But commanding the arm to move actually relies a bit on onboard intelligence. The commands don't include every tiny motion of each motor -- instead, the arm is commanded to go through specific positional waypoints. (The rovers do their driving navigation the same way, moving from waypoint to waypoint.)
The Phoenix team simulates all these moves with software and often using a full-scale mockup of the lander, but there are always slight differences between the real world on Mars and the test world on Earth, and in this case some difference between the two resulted in the arm on Mars attempting to move the scoop through a space that included the ground and the rock they named Alice. This wasn't a big deal -- the lander could tell when the arm contacted the ground, and it quit executing its sequence, and waited for further instructions from Earth. The circumstances were just like any number of aborted drives that have happened with the rovers. And in the end it got me a neat picture of the arm buried in the soil. They took sol 48 to look at where the arm was, and then moved on with their work.
NASA / JPL / UA / Texas A & M / montage by Emily Lakdawalla
Phoenix runs in to Alice, sol 48
On sol 47, Phoenix accidentally ran the robotic arm scoop into the ground and the rock called "Alice." Sensing the contact, it paused and waited for instructions from Earth. Phoenix was commanded to take photos documenting the arm's position on sol 48, after which the team could proceed with science. This image is a crossed-eye stereo presentation of two photos taken from the right and left eyes of the mast-mounted camera; cross your eyes to overlap the images and the view should come into 3D focus.
Hopefully, next week's update will cover triumphant news of a successful sample delivery to TEGA oven 0!