Pictures of Spacecraft
On sol 2088, Spirit executed the first "baby steps" in the attempt to extricate her from her sand trap at Troy. The day's commands consisted of two drives of 2.5 meters apiece. Comparisons of the wheels before and after the commanded drive show virtually no change, only a very slight shift in perspective between each pair of images to indicate any motion of the rover. From left to right, the images show the left front, right front, left rear, and right rear wheels. The right front wheel does not roll, so did not become embedded. The rear wheels are deeply embedded in soil.
These two pictures show Spirit's calibration target (the "Marsdial") before and after a cleaning event wiped Spirit's deck and solar arrays clean of the dust that had accumulated during the first 400-plus Mars days of its operations within Gusev crater. The pictures were taken ten days apart, on March 5 (left) and March 15 (right). On the "before" image, the only spot that is not completely covered in reddish Martian dust is the center of the sweep magnet, located immediately to the right of the Marsdial.
This image juxtaposes two "deck pans" captured by the Pancam instrument on Spirit at different times in the mission. On the left is the self-portrait from the top of Husband Hill, when Spirit's deck was nearly as clean as the day the rover landed. On the right is a view taken in October of 2007, following the summer's dust storm. Dust from the sky has settled on both the rover deck and the surrounding landscape, coloring the rover the same rust color as the dirt around it. The dust-covered solar cells cannot be able to generate as much power as when they were clean. Spirit survived the following Martian winter despite the high dust levels, and the rover team got very useful practice surviving through periods of very low power during the height of the dust storm. Now, though, even more dust may be falling on Spirit.
NASA's New Horizons spacecraft roared off the launch pad aboard an Atlas V 551 rocket on January 20, 2006. Liftoff was on time at 2 p.m. EST from Complex 41 on Cape Canaveral Air Force Station in Florida. This was the third launch attempt in as many days after scrubs due to weather concerns.
The twin Gravity Recovery and Interior Laboratory (GRAIL) lunar spacecraft are attached to the spacecraft adapter ring in their launch configuration in Astrotech Space Operation's payload processing facility in Titusville, Florida, on August 10, 2011.
On December 25, 2013, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter spied Chang'e 3 and Yutu on the lunar surface. It was near sunset on the pair's first lunar day of operations. In its extended mission, Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter is in an elliptical orbit whose altitude over the Chang'e 3 landing site is 150 kilometers, so its highest-resolution images have about 1.5 meters per pixel.
China's Yutu rover makes tracks on the surface of the Moon, taken on December 21, 2013. This sequence was taken from a television broadcast, aligned to correct for the motion of the camera, and its color adjusted.
The Chang'e 3 lander took this photo of the rover Yutu on December 22, 2013. The rover had completed a semicircular tour of the lander and was departing the lander due south. This version of the image has been white-balanced and color-corrected.
On sol 474, Curiosity took a short drive while shooting photos of the wheels with her Navcams and Hazcams. From left to right, the images are: left front wheel from left front Hazcam; right front wheel from right front Hazcam; left front wheel from right Navcam; left middle and rear wheels from right Navcam; and left rear wheel from left rear Navcam. Because the mast is located on the right front corner of the rover, the Navcam is only capable of seeing the wheels on the rover's right side. The Hazcams get partial views of three of the four corner wheels. (The only instrument that can see the right middle and rear wheels is the MAHLI camera on the robotic arm.)
Curiosity took these photos of her wheels with the MAHLI arm-mounted camera on sol 463 (November 24, 2013) A large rip has appeared above the Morse-code holes in the left front wheel. Several smaller punch-holes are visible in it and the middle wheel in this view.
Suisei (Japanese for Comet), originally known as Planet-A, was an unmanned space probe developed by the Institute of Space and Astronautical Science (now part of the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency, or JAXA). It constituted a part of the Halley Armada together with Sakigake, the Soviet/French Vega probes, the ESA Giotto and the NASA International Cometary Explorer, to explore Halley's Comet during its 1986 sojourn through the inner solar system. Suisei was identical in construction and shape to Sakigake, but carried a different payload: a CCD UV imaging system and a solar wind instrument.
This version of the video has been flipped 180 degrees to put sky above ground. The mountains on the horizon are the Montes Recti. The lander is decelerating at an angle until about 2:50 when it can be seen to rotate vertical. This was at an altitude of about 2000 meters. It then lowered to an altitude of 100 meters, where it came to a hovering standstill (at about 5:15). It used imaging and laser ranging to determine a safe place for the landing, then continued the descent. At an altitude of about 4 meters, it cut the engines and fell to the surface.
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