How LightSail Holds Its Place in Space
Posted by Jason Davis
20-02-2015 4:00 CST
There are few systems aboard a spacecraft more important than attitude control. Most things in space need the ability to point toward other things in space. The Hubble Space Telescope locks on to distant celestial objects. Earth-observing satellites focus on our planet. And a Soyuz capsule lines itself up with the International Space Station before pulling in to a docking port.
For CubeSats, it's no different. And while some of these tiny spacecraft tumble aimelessly around the Earth, others hold their positions using momentum wheels and electromagnetic torque rods. For our full-fledged solar sail flight in 2016, we'll tack LightSail like a sailboat on a lake, alternately turning parallel and perpendicular to the ceaselss stream of solar photons.
Our first LightSail spacecraft, which will ride an Atlas V rocket to orbit this May, won't fly high enough to solar sail. But we still need a way to hold a stable position in orbit. We do this using torque rods that interact with Earth's magnetic field. This also gives us a way to predict LightSail's orientation at any given point.
If that sounds confusing or jargon-laced, the following infographic is for you. Click the image below to head over to our new LightSail website, and see how the spacecraft's attitude control system holds its place in space.
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